Archaeology & Evolution Glossary (Q)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


 
Q banding: A staining technique in which metaphase chromosomes are stained with quinacrine mustard to produce temporary fluorescent Q bands on the chromosomes.

quadriceps femoris: A package of four muscle that join in a large tendon surrounding the patella and attaching to the anterior tuberosity of the tibia. The largest of these, rectus femoris, has an ilium attachment on the anterior inferior iliac spine and brim of the acetabulum. The bundle flexes the hip and extends the knee.

quadrumanous: Four-handed; as in quadrumanous climbing.

quadrupedalism: Four-footed posture and locomotion.

quantitative genetics: Study of the inhereitance of quantitative traits.

quantitative (continuous) traits: Traits that show a continuous variation in phenotype over a range.

quartz: A mineral composed of the elements silicon and oxygen (silicon dioxide) that occurs in multiple forms.

quartz crystal: A hexagonal crystal of silicon dioxide.

quartzite: Generalized term for a sandstone that has been recrystallized or cemented (see orthoquartzite and metaquartzite).

Bibliography

Andrefsky, W., Jr. 1998. Lithics: Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Keesing, R.M. 1975. Kin Groups and Social Structure. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace.
Renfrew, C., and P. Bahn. 1996. Archaeology: Theories, Methods, and Practice. New York: Thames and Hudson Inc.
Russell, P.J. 1998. Genetics. Menlo Park: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.
Wolpoff, M. 1999. Paleoanthropology. second edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill.