The Genus Homo
Homo habilis is a well-known, but poorly defined species. The specimen that led to the naming of this species (OH 7) was discovered in 1960, by the Leakey team in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.
The species designation of Homo rudolfensis is a much debated topic, over both whether it is a separate species, and if it is an australopithecine rather than a member of the genus Homo.
Homo ergaster is one of the more problematic of somewhat accepted species designations currently tossed around in anthropological literature.
The species was named by Eugène Dubois (it was originally designated as Pithecanthropus erectus) in 1894, after his 1891 find from Trinil, Java, in Indonesia (Trinil 2) which was later associated with the Chinese renamed Homo erectus.
The beginning of paleoanthropology as a scientific discipline began on an August day in 1856. On that day the specimen that was to become known as Neanderthal 1 was discovered in the Feldhofer grotto, in the Neander Valley, Germany.
Our timeline ends with this group of hominids that share the anatomically modern traits associated with us, humans showing up in the fossil record approx. 100,000 years ago. The earliest modern H. sapiens have been found in South Africa.